Socialization of the Covid-19 vaccine for children on the acceptance of parents

(1) * Abrar Adhani Mail (Universitas Muhammadiyah Sumatera Utara, Indonesia)
(2) Akhyar Anshori Mail (Universitas Muhammadiyah Sumatera Utara, Indonesia)
(3) Nurhasanah Nasution Mail (Universitas Muhammadiyah Sumatera Utara, Indonesia)
*corresponding author


This study aims to find out how the influence of the socialization of the Covid-19 vaccine program on children by the Indonesian government has on the level of parental acceptance in Medan City. The research was conducted using a quantitative approach to 200 parents of elementary school students. Data collection was carried out through questionnaires and data analysis was carried out by testing hypotheses through t-test and f-test and the coefficient of determination. The results of the study found that the outreach carried out by the government about the benefits of the Covid-19 vaccine for children was not effective. This can be seen from the results of the coefficient of determination test, whether there is a level of trust of respondents in the information on the Covid-19 vaccine and whether there is a child's behavior in implementing the health protocol which is carried out simultaneously. regarding the respondent's attitude regarding Covid-19 vaccination for children, the respondent's acceptance rate was 14.1%. This shows the failure of the Indonesian government in socializing the benefits of the Covid-19 vaccine for children in efforts to prevent Covid-19.


Socialization of the Covid-19; Vaccine for Children; Covid-19 Vaccine Policy; Parental Acceptance



Article metrics

10.31763/ijcs.v4i2.813 Abstract views : 463 | PDF views : 250




Full Text



[1] A. A. of Pediatrics, “Children and COVID-19: State-Level Data Report,” American Academy of Pediatrics, 2022. (accessed Jan. 25, 2022).

[2] M. Généreux et al., “One virus, four continents, eight countries: An interdisciplinary and international study on the psychosocial impacts of the covid-19 pandemic among adults,” Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health, vol. 17, no. 22, pp. 1–16, 2020, doi: 10.3390/ijerph17228390.

[3] R. M. Humble et al., “Canadian parents’ perceptions of COVID-19 vaccination and intention to vaccinate their children: Results from a cross-sectional national survey,” Vaccine, vol. 39, no. 52, pp. 7669–7676, 2021, doi: 10.1016/j.vaccine.2021.10.002.

[4] K. H. Nguyen, K. Nguyen, K. Mansfield, J. D. Allen, and L. Corlin, “Child and adolescent COVID-19 vaccination status and reasons for non-vaccination by parental vaccination status,” Public Health, vol. 209, no. December 2021, pp. 82–89, 2022, doi: 10.1016/j.puhe.2022.06.002.

[5] T. L. Salazar, D. L. Pollard, D. M. Pina-Thomas, and M. J. Benton, “Parental vaccine hesitancy and concerns regarding the COVID-19 virus,” J. Pediatr. Nurs., vol. 65, pp. 10–15, 2022, doi: 10.1016/j.pedn.2022.03.010.

[6] L. M. B. AlKetbi et al., “Parents’ views on the acceptability of a COVID-19 vaccine for their children: A cross-sectional study in Abu Dhabi-United Arab Emirates,” Vaccine, vol. 40, no. 38, pp. 5562–5568, 2022, doi: 10.1016/j.vaccine.2022.07.056.

[7] R. D. Goldman et al., “Caregiver willingness to vaccinate their children against COVID-19 after adult vaccine approval,” International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, vol. 18, no. 19. 2021, doi: 10.3390/ijerph181910224.

[8] M. H. Temsah et al., “Parental Attitudes and Hesitancy About COVID-19 vs. Routine Childhood Vaccinations: A National Survey,” Front. Public Heal., vol. 9, no. October, pp. 1–11, 2021, doi: 10.3389/fpubh.2021.752323.

[9] C. Vardavas et al., “Public perspective on the governmental response, communication and trust in the governmental decisions in mitigating COVID-19 early in the pandemic across the G7 countries,” Prev. Med. Reports, vol. 21, p. 101252, Mar. 2021, doi: 10.1016/j.pmedr.2020.101252.

[10] S. N. Williams, “‘I don’t want my son to be part of a giant experiment’: Public attitudes towards COVID-19 vaccines in children,” Public Health, Jan. 2022, doi: 10.1016/j.puhe.2022.01.016.

[11] Y. Liu, Q. Ma, H. Liu, and Z. Guo, “Public attitudes and influencing factors toward COVID-19 vaccination for adolescents/children: a scoping review,” Public Health, vol. 205, pp. 169–181, 2022, doi: 10.1016/j.puhe.2022.02.002.

[12] D. Romer, K. M. Winneg, P. E. Jamieson, C. Brensinger, and K. H. Jamieson, “Misinformation about vaccine safety and uptake of COVID-19 vaccines among adults and 5 – 11-year-olds in the United States,” Vaccine, no. April 2021, 2022, doi: 10.1016/j.vaccine.2022.09.046.

[13] S. Loomba, A. de Figueiredo, S. J. Piatek, K. de Graaf, and H. J. Larson, “Measuring the impact of COVID-19 vaccine misinformation on vaccination intent in the UK and USA (Feb, 10.1038/s41562-021-01056-1, 2021),” Nat. Hum. Behav., vol. 5, no. 7, p. 960, 2021.

[14] D. Romer and K. H. Jamieson, “Conspiracy theories as barriers to controlling the spread of COVID-19 in the U.S.,” Soc. Sci. Med., vol. 263, p. 113356, 2020, doi: 10.1016/j.socscimed.2020.113356.

[15] A. Byrne, L. A. Thompson, S. L. Filipp, and K. Ryan, “COVID-19 vaccine perceptions and hesitancy amongst parents of school-aged children during the pediatric vaccine rollout,” Vaccine, vol. 40, no. 46, pp. 6680–6687, 2022, doi: 10.1016/j.vaccine.2022.09.090.

[16] P. G. Szilagyi et al., “Parents’ intentions and perceptions about COVID-19 vaccination for their children: Results from a national survey,” Pediatrics, vol. 148, no. 4, 2021, doi: 10.1542/peds.2021-052335.

[17] R. Ceannt, F. Vallieres, H. Burns, J. Murphy, and P. Hyland, “Covid-19 vaccine hesitancy and resistance amongst parents of children under 18 years of age in Ireland,” Vaccine, no. xxxx, 2022, doi: 10.1016/j.vaccine.2022.08.073.

[18] G. Di Giuseppe, C. P. Pelullo, A. S. Volgare, F. Napolitano, and M. Pavia, “Parents’ Willingness to Vaccinate Their Children With COVID-19 Vaccine: Results of a Survey in Italy,” J. Adolesc. Heal., vol. 70, no. 4, pp. 550–558, 2022, doi: 10.1016/j.jadohealth.2022.01.003.

[19] Y. Takahashi et al., “COVID-19 vaccine literacy and vaccine hesitancy among pregnant women and mothers of young children in Japan,” Vaccine, vol. 40, no. 47, pp. 6849–6856, 2022, doi: 10.1016/j.vaccine.2022.09.094.

[20] A. Adhani, A. Anshori, and A. Mahardika, “Public Attitudes towards the Government’s Policy Communication in Preventing COVID-19,” J. ASPIKOM, vol. 7, no. 1, p. 61, 2022, doi: 10.24329/aspikom.v7i1.1058.

[21] A. Masduki, P. Niu, and M. E. Yana, “Indonesian government crisis communication facing coronavirus pandemic,” Int. J. Commun. Soc., vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 48–58, 2022.

[22] P. Limilia and B. B. Pratamawaty, “Google Trends and Information Seeking Trend of COVID-19 in Indonesia,” J. ASPIKOM, vol. 5, no. 2, p. 188, 2020, doi: 10.24329/aspikom.v5i2.741.

[23] M. H. Nabin, M. T. H. Chowdhury, and S. Bhattacharya, “It matters to be in good hands: the relationship between good governance and pandemic spread inferred from cross-country COVID-19 data,” Humanit. Soc. Sci. Commun., vol. 8, no. 1, p. 203, Aug. 2021, doi: 10.1057/s41599-021-00876-w.

[24] H. Addink, Good governance: Concept and context. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2019.

[25] World Health Organization, Covid-19 Vaccines: Safety Manual. 2021.

[26] Ontario Hospital Association, “Effective Communication Strategies for COVID-19,” 2020.

[27] F. Engel, J, D. Blackwell, R, and W. Miniard, P, Consumer Behavior, 8th ed. d’Orlando: The Dryden Press, 1995.

[28] E. Belch, G and A. Belch, M, Advertising and Promotion: an Integrated Marketing Communication Perspective, 6th ed. New York: McGraw-Hill, 2014.

[29] W. Neuman, Social Research Methods: Qualitative and Quantitative Approaches, 9th ed. Essex: Essex: Pearson Education Ltd, 2014.

[30] J. W. Creswell, Research Design: Qualitative, Quantitative, and Mixed Methods Approaches. London: London: Sage Publications, 2014.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2022 Akhyar Anshori, Abrar Adhani, Nurhasanah Nasution

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

International Journal of Communication and Society  
ISSN 2684-9267
Published by Association for Scientific Computing Electronics and Engineering (ASCEE)
W :
E :

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

View My Stats