Society Residential Pattern Of Kaili Da'a In Dombu Village

(1) * Burhanuddin Burhanuddin Mail (Department of Architecture, Tadulako University, Indonesia)
(2) Fuad Zubaidi Mail (Department of Architecture, Tadulako University, Indonesia)
(3) Luthfiah Luthfiah Mail (Department of Architecture, Tadulako University, Indonesia)
*corresponding author


Kaili Da'a, is one of the sub-ethnic Kaili in Central Sulawesi, especially those who live in an area at the foot of the Matantimali Hill in Dombu Village, West Marawola District. In addition to the shape of the house, the arrangement and configuration of residential elements which include community housing, the house of traditional leaders and the existence of bantaya and worship facilities in the form of a church building including different topography and orientation of community housing towards the house of the customary leader is a unique phenomenon to be explored and revealed. 5,53 MW. The objectives to be achieved in this study are to reveal the settlement patterns of the Kaili Da'a community in Dombu Village, identify the factors underlying settlement patterns, and reveal and describe the relationship between the socio-cultural (socio-cultural) factors of the community and settlement patterns. These objectives are studied through the Post Positivistic method with a qualitative approach, in order to reveal the ethical and emotional empiric (not palpable), behind the sensual empiric (physical) of settlements as the focus of this research The settlement pattern of the community or ethnic Kaili Da'a in Dombu Village is based on an orientation towards the east as part of the tradition and culture that has been passed down from generation to generation. Settlement arrangements and facing towards the east are the implementation of the cosmos concept which places nature (macrocosm) as part of human life and dwellings (settlements) as a microcosm (small nature); macrocosmic representation.


Society; Residential; Dombu village



Article metrics

10.31763/aet.v1i2.674 Abstract views : 1407 | PDF views : 381




Full Text



[1] J. Panthi, S. Aryal, P. Dahal, P. Bhandari, N. Y. Krakauer, and V. P. Pandey, “Livelihood vulnerability approach to assessing climate change impacts on mixed agro-livestock smallholders around the Gandaki River Basin in Nepal,” Reg. Environ. Chang., vol. 16, no. 4, pp. 1121–1132, Apr. 2016, doi: 10.1007/s10113-015-0833-y.

[2] C. A. Doxiadis, “Ekistics, the science of human settlements,” Discuss. Ekistics Nature, Man, Shells, Soc. Networks. Summ. Athens Ekistics Mon. 1963-1971, vol. 33, no. 197, pp. 237–247, 1972. [Online]. Available at:

[3] R. D. Jones, “Folk Architecture: House Form And Culture . Amos Rapoport.,” Science (80-. )., vol. 167, no. 3916, pp. 274–275, Jan. 1970, doi: 10.1126/science.167.3916.274.

[4] D. Sumintardja, Compendium of architectural history. Yayasan Lembaga Penyelidikan Masalah Bangunan, p. 217, 1981. [Online]. Available at:

[5] A. Ashadi, “Positioning Architecture In Culture,” Dimens. (Journal Archit. Built Environ., vol. 47, no. 1, pp. 27–34, Jun. 2021, doi: 10.9744/dimensi.47.1.27-34.

[6] G. G. Abdel-Azim and K. A.-A. Osman, “The importance of cultural dimensions in the design process of the vernacular societies,” Ain Shams Eng. J., vol. 9, no. 4, pp. 2755–2765, Dec. 2018, doi: 10.1016/j.asej.2017.09.005.

[7] Koentjaraningrat, Introduction to anthropology, 3rd ed. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta, p. 389, 1990. [Online]. Available at:

[8] S. Brege, L. Stehn, and T. Nord, “Business models in industrialized building of multi-storey houses,” Constr. Manag. Econ., vol. 32, no. 1–2, pp. 208–226, Feb. 2014, doi: 10.1080/01446193.2013.840734.

[9] N. Z. Harun, N. Jaffar, and M. Mansor, “The Contributions Of Public Space To The Social Sustainability Of Traditional Settlements,” Plan. MALAYSIA, vol. 19, no. 5, pp. 192–205, Dec. 2021, doi: 10.21837/pm.v19i19.1071.

[10] B. O. Y. Marpaung, “Socio-Cultural Impacts in the Formation of Urban Village,” IOP Conf. Ser. Mater. Sci. Eng., vol. 180, no. 1, p. 012083, Mar. 2017, doi: 10.1088/1757-899X/180/1/012083.

[11] V. T. Woy, R. R. Tobing, and U. Siahaan, “Adaptation local ethnic and inherited ethnic on settlements architecture in Mopugad village, north Sulawesi,” Int. J. Eng. Res. Technol., vol. 11, no. 6, pp. 963–986, 2018, [Online]. Available at:

[12] W. Sahabuddin and F. Surur, “Cultural Acculturation in Traditional Settlement Patterns in Gantarang Lalang Bata Village, Selayar Islands Regency,” TATALOKA, vol. 20, no. 4, pp. 373–383, Nov. 2018, doi: 10.14710/TATALOKA.20.4.373-383.

[13] F.-F. Yang et al., “Factors that Influence the Quality of Post-Earthquake Settlements in Pleret District, Bantul Regency,” TATALOKA, vol. 15, no. 1, pp. 28–38, Feb. 2013, doi: 10.14710/TATALOKA.15.1.28-38.

[14] A. Eyüce, “Interdependence of Traditional House Form and Settlement Pattern,” Intercult. Underst., vol. 2, pp. 17–24, Mar. 2012. [Online]. Available at:

[15] E. B. S, A. Antariksa, and S. Surjono, “Settlement Pattern in Petungsewu Village, Dau District, Malang Regency,” J. Tata Kota dan Drh., vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 101–110, 2012. Available at:

[16] F. Bowie, “Anthropology of Religion,” in The Wiley Blackwell Companion to the Study of Religion, Wiley, 2021, pp. 1–24, doi: 10.1002/9781119092797.ch1.

[17] Burhanuddin, B. Setioko, and A. Suprapti, “Banua oge (souraja) as the basis of the establishment of the settlement/living space setting of ‘to-kaili’tribe,” Int. J. Dev. Res., vol. 7, p. 12, 2017, 2023. [Online]. Available at:“-kaili”tribe.

[18] Y. Mangunwijaya, An Introduction to the Cultural Science of Architectural Forms, Its Philosophical Joints and Practical Examples. Jakarta: Gramedia, p. 469, 2009. [Online]. Available at:

[19] R. Dayaratne, “Environment- behavior research and the practice of architecture: paradigms and paradoxes,” Built-Environment Sri Lanka, vol. 3, no. 1, p. 38, Feb. 2006, doi: 10.4038/BESL.V3I1.7640.

[20] E. H. Balai et al., “The Kinship System of Kluet Etnics In South Aceh,” Widyariset, vol. 14, no. 1, pp. 123–131, Apr. 2011. [Online]. Available at:


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2022 Burhanuddin, Fuad Zubaidi, Luthfiah

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Applied Engineering and Technology
ISSN: 2829-4998
Email: |
Published by: Association for Scientic Computing Electronics and Engineering (ASCEE)
Organized by: Association for Scientic Computing Electronics and Engineering (ASCEE), Universitas Negeri Malang, Universitas Ahmad Dahlan

View My Stats AET
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.