Sari Oneng Parakansalak Gamelan Tuning System and Its Comparison with Machjar’s Theory

(1) * Ega Fausta Mail (Indonesia Institute of Arts Surakarta, Indonesia)
*corresponding author

Abstract


The research of measuring laras of Sari Oneng Parakansalak gamelan uses convergent parallel mixed methods. It attempts to find out the interval arrangement, which forms a scheme called laras system. This research give a provides clues about the existence of pelog gamelan in Sunda which is still debated until nowadays, which becomes the main reason why the writer is interested to measure the laras of Sari Oneng Parakansalak gamelan. In this research, laras theory of R.M.A. Koesoemadinata is used as the comparison to investigate what kind of laras is the laras scheme resulted from Sari Oneng Parakansalak gamelan’s interval arrangement. The result of this research is in form of persentation numbers which reveals the similarity between laras system of Sari Oneng Parakansalak gamelan and laras theory of R.M.A. Koesoemadinata. Besides giving a conclusion about the conformity between laras theory of R.M.A. Koesoemadinata and the fact found in the field, this research also informs about Sundanese pélog gamelan, which its existence is still hesitated/questioned by some Sundanese society. This study uses Da Tuner Lite which is validated with Korg Orchestral Tuner (OT-12) as the measuring instrument. The data of each waditra and the average of whole measured waditra are used to analyze the data of measurement result. From those two techniques, it can be detected that there are some waditra which are inappropriate to be used as samples. Therefore, the result of this study is taken from three waditra saron which indicates that Sari Oneng Parakansalak gamelan tends to have laras pélog djawar with its 87,19% of similarity. That result can also reveal that pélog gamelan really exists in Sundanese culture, proven by Sari Oneng Parakansalak gamelan which is made in Sumedang in 1825.

Keywords


Sari Oneng Parakansalak Gamelan; Laras Pelog; Laras Theory of R.M.A. Koesoemadinata

   

DOI

https://doi.org/10.31763/viperarts.v1i1.6
      

Article metrics

10.31763/viperarts.v1i1.6 Abstract views : 937 | PDF views : 607

   

Cite

   

Full Text

Download

References


Creswell, John. W. 2016. Research Design, Qualitative, Quantitative and Mixed Methods. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.

Creswell John W. 2018. Research Design Pendekatan Metode Kualitatif, Kuantitatif, Dan Campuran, Edisi 4. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.

Ellis, Alexander J. 1885. “On the Musical Scale of Various Nations.” International Journal of The Society of Arts XXXIII (1.683).

Hardjito, Priadi Dwi. 1982. “Etnomusikologi & Filsafat Nada.” ASTI Bandung.

Herdini, Heri. 2004. “Peninjauan Ulang Terhadap Teori Laras Dan Surupan Karya Raden Machjar Angga Koesoemadinata.” Panggung XXXII: 54–66.

Hermawan, Deni. 2001. “Tangga Nada Musik Sunda: Antara Kenyataan Teoritis Dan Praktis.” Panggung XXI: 71–90.

Koesoemadinata, R.M.A. n.d. Ringkesan Pangawikan Rinengga Swara. Jakarta: Noordhoff - Kolff N. V.

———. 1969. Ilmu Seni Raras. Jakarta: Pradjaparamita.

Kunst, Jaap. 1949. Music in Java: Its History, Its Theory and Its Technique. Springer.

Nano S. n.d. “Mang Koko Juru Sanggi Nu Masagi 4.” Sunda Newspaper.

Palgunadi, Bram. 2002. Serat Kandha Karawitan Jawi: Mengenal Seni Karawitan Jawa. Penerbit ITB.

Wisuttipat, Nattapol. 2015. “Relative Nature of Thai Traditional Music through Its Tuning System.” International Journal of Creative and Arts Studies 2 (1): 189–99.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2019 Ega Fausta

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

___________________________________________________________
International Journal of Visual and Performing Arts
ISSN 2684-9259
Published by Association for Scientific Computing Electronics and Engineering (ASCEE)
W: http://pubs2.ascee.org/index.php/viperarts
E: sularso@ascee.org
Organized by:

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0

Viperarts Stats