Komunitas Lima Gunung: Concept of Art Communitas on Five Slopes Mountain of Central Java, Indonesia

(1) * Brian Trinanda Kusuma Adi Mail (Universitas Gadjah Mada Yogyakarta, Indonesia)
(2) Samsul Ma’arif Mail (Universitas Gadjah Mada Yogyakarta, Indonesia)
*corresponding author


Komunitas Lima Gunung (KLG, the five-mountain community) was founded in 2002 by Sutanto Mendut—a well-known budayawan (cultural practitioner). KLG refers to communities living in areas of the five mountains of Magelang, Central Java that together join into one single organization, the KLG. Those mountains are the Mount Sumbing, Merbabu, Andong, Merapi, and Menoreh. Sutanto Mendut, the president of KLG, builds the community with the characteristics of what Victor Turner may call communitas, which is traditionally inherited in the calendrical ritual performances of KLG in which those groups of people continually re-articulate and re-contextualize their worldviews and social norms and orders. This research examines those ideas of communitas as forged in the KLG. This research was conducted through fieldwork: participant observation and unstructured interviews. Data were collected by participating in and documenting several activities (performances). “Meanings” of those performances were gathered through a series of unstructured interviews with practitioners that included Sutanto Mendut himself, leaders of the communities, and many members of the KLG. This research is indebted to theories of performance studies to analyze those collected data. The results of this study indicate that first, society emerges through ritual performances that create moments of liminality. This moment is the result of the re-articulation of the anti-norms/social order structure/structure. Second, Sutanto Mendut, through the Land Oath, re-articulated the sense of togetherness of KLG to become the Five Mountains Festival (FLG). Third, KLG is the strength of the community; members learn about freedom and are not dependent on established social structures. They are free to feel the moment of togetherness.


Komunitas Lima Gunung; Communitas; Performing arts community; Folk Art; Festival Lima Gunung




Article metrics

10.31763/viperarts.v2i2.169 Abstract views : 417 | PDF views : 178




Full Text



Aswoyo, Joko. Sumpah Tanah, ISI Press, Solo, 2019.

Atmoko, Hari. Konon. Studio Mendut and Waktoe, Magelang, 2011.

Buber, Martin. I and Thou, translated by R.G. Smith, Clark, Edinburgh, 1958.

___________. Between man and man. Translated by R.G. Smith, Fontana Library, London and Glasgow, 1961.

Davis, Tracy C. The Cambridge Companion to Performance Studies, Cambridge University Press, New York, 2008.

Eade, John and Michael J. Sallnow. Contesting the Sacred: The Anthropology of Christian Pilgrimage (eds). Routledge, Chapman and Hall, New York, 1991.

Gennep, Arnold Van. The Rites of Passage, translated by Monika B. [1] J. Aswoyo and S. Sularso, “The Concept of Panutan in Governance Festival Lima Gunung in Magelang Central Java Indonesia,” Harmon. J. Arts Res. Educ., vol. 20, no. 1, pp. 1–9, Jun. 2020, doi: 10.15294/harmonia.v20i1.24818.

V. Turner and R. D. Abrahams, The ritual process: Structure and anti-structure. Routledge, 2017.

T. Olaveson, “Collective effervescence and communitas: Processual models of ritual and society in Emile Durkheim and Victor Turner,” Dialect. Anthropol., vol. 26, no. 2, pp. 89–124, 2001, doi: https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1020447706406.

F. Bargiela‐Chiappini, “Liminal ethnography: understanding segregated organisations,” Qual. Res. Organ. Manag. An Int. J., vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 126–143, Aug. 2007, doi: 10.1108/17465640710778520.

A. Guilherme, “Michel Serres’ Le Parasite and Martin Buber’s I and Thou : Noise in Informal Education Affecting Dialogue Between Communities in Conflict in the Middle East,” Educ. Philos. Theory, vol. 47, no. 10, pp. 1052–1068, Aug. 2015, doi: 10.1080/00131857.2015.1031066.

S. Warner and M. A. Dixon, “Understanding Sense of Community From the Athlete’s Perspective,” J. Sport Manag., vol. 25, no. 3, pp. 257–271, May 2011, doi: 10.1123/jsm.25.3.257.

M. Deflem, “Ritual, Anti-Structure, and Religion: A Discussion of Victor Turner’s Processual Symbolic Analysis,” J. Sci. Study Relig., vol. 30, no. 1, p. 1, Mar. 1991, doi: 10.2307/1387146.

R. Jones, “Inventing rituals; inhabiting places ritual and community in public art,” J. Arts Communities, vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 147–167, Dec. 2009, doi: 10.1386/jaac.1.2.147/1.

A. Simpson, “Community. In The Brand Strategist’s Guide to Desire,” in The Brand Strategist’s Guide to Desire, London: Palgrave Macmillan UK, 2014, pp. 19–49.

T. C. Davis, Ed., The Cambridge Companion to Performance Studies. Cambridge University Press, 2008.

A. Decrop, “Triangulation in qualitative tourism research,” Tour. Manag., vol. 20, no. 1, pp. 157–161, Feb. 1999, doi: 10.1016/S0261-5177(98)00102-2.

W. Lu, “Sociology and Art: An Interview with Howard S. Becker,” Symb. Interact., vol. 38, no. 1, pp. 127–150, Feb. 2015, doi: 10.1002/symb.139.

D. Harth, “Ritual and Other Forms of Social Action,” in Theorizing Rituals, Volume 1: Issues, Topics, Approaches, Concepts, BRILL, 2006, pp. 15–36.

R. Schechner, “Between Anthropology and Theatre.” Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1985.

R. Schechner and R. Schechner, Performance studies: An introduction. Routledge, 2017.

C. GODDARD, “Ethnosyntax, Ethnopragmatics, Sign-Functions, and Culture,” in Ethnosyntax, Oxford University Press, 2004, pp. 52–73.

J. Howard-Grenville, K. Golden-Biddle, J. Irwin, and J. Mao, “Liminality as Cultural Process for Cultural Change,” Organ. Sci., vol. 22, no. 2, pp. 522–539, Apr. 2011, doi: 10.1287/orsc.1100.0554.

V. Turner and R. D. Abrahams, “Liminality and Communitas,” in The Ritual Process, Routledge, 2017, pp. 94–130.

A. Van Gennep, “The Rites of Passage, trans. Monika B. Vizedom and Gabrielle L. Coffee.” Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1909.

Regina Rukmorini, “Komunitas Lima Gunung dan Seni yang Hidup dari Keringat Petani,” Kompas. [Online]. Available: https://interaktif.kompas.id/baca/komunitas-lima-gunung-seni-yang-hidup-dari-keringat-petani/.

Hari Atmoko, Konon. Magelang: Studio Mendut and Waktoe, 2011.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2020 Brian Trinanda Kusuma Adi, Samsul Ma’arif

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

International Journal of Visual and Performing Arts
ISSN 2684-9259
Published by Association for Scientific Computing  Electronics and Engineering (ASCEE)
W: http://pubs2.ascee.org/index.php/viperarts
E : sularso@ascee.org
Organized by:

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0

Viperarts Stats